Advanced Machine Learning for Surrogate Modeling in Complex Engineering Systems


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Virginia Tech


Surrogate models are indispensable in the analysis of engineering systems. The quality of surrogate models is determined by the data quality and the model class but achieving a high standard of them is challenging in complex engineering systems. Heterogeneity, implicit constraints, and extreme events are typical examples of the factors that complicate systems, yet they have been underestimated or disregarded in machine learning. This dissertation is dedicated to tackling the challenges in surrogate modeling of complex engineering systems by developing the following machine learning methodologies. (i) Partitioned active learning partitions the design space according to heterogeneity in response features, thereby exploiting localized models to measure the informativeness of unlabeled data. (ii) For the systems with implicit constraints, failure-averse active learning incorporates constraint outputs to estimate the safe region and avoid undesirable failures in learning the target function. (iii) The multi-output extreme spatial learning enables modeling and simulating extreme events in composite fuselage assembly. The proposed methods were applied to real-world case studies and outperformed benchmark methods.



Machine Learning, Active Learning, Extreme Spatial Model, Surrogate Model