Underground Rock Mass Behavior Prior to the Occurrence of Mining Induced Seismic Events

TR Number
Date
2022-09-05
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
MDPI
Abstract

The variations of seismic velocity prior to the occurrence of major seismic events are an indicator of the rock mass performance subjected to mining-induced stress. There have been no prior field-scale studies to examine stress change within the rockmass volume immediately prior to potentially damaging mining-induced seismicity. Monitoring stress change is critical for mine stability and operation safety and eventually improves production by optimizing mine designs and mining practices. In this study, five major seismic events that occurred in a narrow-vein mine were used as case studies in order to investigate any significant changes in P-wave velocity distribution, on a daily basis, within a week of seismic events with Mw > 1; if observed, such changes could provide a warning to mine engineers and workers. It was observed there was no consistent significant velocity change of more than 1% within 200 m of the hypocenters within 6 days prior to the events. Additionally, the influence of blasting in the week of the occurrence of events was investigated however no recognizable trend was observed between blasting and changes in the seismic velocity distribution within the rock mass on the day of a blast or the following day.

Description
Keywords
Citation
Ghaychi Afrouz, S.; Westman, E.; Dehn, K.; Weston, B. Underground Rock Mass Behavior Prior to the Occurrence of Mining Induced Seismic Events. Geotechnics 2022, 2, 765-780.