Development and characterization of novel detectors for use in flow injection analysis or liquid chromatography

dc.contributor.authorRoush, John Alberten
dc.contributor.committeechairAnderson, Mark R.en
dc.contributor.committeememberGlanville, James O.en
dc.contributor.committeememberLong, Gary L.en
dc.contributor.committeememberMason, R.W.en
dc.contributor.committeememberMcNair, Harold M.en
dc.contributor.committeememberMerola, Joseph S.en
dc.description.abstractA rapid scanning square wave voltammetric detector has been developed for use with high performance liquid chromatography.The electrochemical cell used in the detector was designed so that the HPLC effluent flows through the center of a large diameter platinum disk electrode and is then forced to flow radially across the electrode surface. The arrangement of the electrodes in the cell was intended to result in large analytical currents while minimizing electrical resistance and analyte band spreading in the detection zone. The detector was evaluated in terms of its minimum detectable quantity, linear dynamic range, electrochemical efficiency, and analyte band spreading. The MDQ was found to be in the low parts per billion range for hydroquinone. The detector was shown to provide data that is qualitatively superior to data obtained by amperometric detection and was shown to be compatible with gradient elution HPLC over a broad range of solvent compositions. A sensor based on the quartz crystal microbalance was also developed for use in flowing solvent streams. Quartz crystals were treated with various compounds to produce close - packed monolayer coatings which could interact with solutes entering the flow cell. The solute capacity was determined for one of the monolayer coatings and various factors that influence the magnitude of the OCM signal were investigated. These factors include the solvent flow rate, the solvent strength, solute molecular structure, and bonded phase molecular structure. The QCM sensor was found to be a convenient probe for conducting surface adsorption studies and the molar free energy of adsorption was determined for some chemically related solutes on an amine modified crystal.en
dc.description.degreePh. D.en
dc.format.extentx, 138 leavesen
dc.publisherVirginia Techen
dc.relation.isformatofOCLC# 27827042en
dc.rightsIn Copyrighten
dc.subject.lccLD5655.V856 1992.R687en
dc.subject.lcshHigh performance liquid chromatographyen
dc.titleDevelopment and characterization of novel detectors for use in flow injection analysis or liquid chromatographyen
dc.type.dcmitypeTexten Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen D.en


Original bundle
Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
Thumbnail Image
5.25 MB
Adobe Portable Document Format