Theory of Modulation Response of Semiconductor Quantum Dot Lasers

dc.contributor.authorWu, Yuchangen
dc.contributor.committeechairAsryan, Levon V.en
dc.contributor.committeememberPickrell, Gary R.en
dc.contributor.committeememberOrlowski, Mariusz Kriysztofen
dc.contributor.committeememberGuido, Louis J.en
dc.contributor.departmentMaterials Science and Engineeringen
dc.description.abstractIn this dissertation, a theory of modulation response of a semiconductor quantum dot (QD) laser is developed. The effect of the following factors on the modulation bandwidth of a QD laser is studied and the following results are obtained:<br /><br />1) Carrier capture delay from the optical confinement layer into QDs<br /><br />Closed-form analytical expressions are obtained for the modulation bandwidth omega_{-3 dB} of a QD laser in the limiting cases of fast and slow capture into QDs. omega_{-3 dB} is highest in the case of instantaneous capture into QDs, when the cross-section of carrier capture into a QD sigma_n = infinity. With reducing sigma_n, omega_{-3 dB} decreases and becomes zero at a certain non-vanishing sigma_n^{min}. This sigma_n^{min} presents the minimum tolerable capture cross-section for the lasing to occur at a given dc component j_0 of the injection current density. The higher is j_0, the smaller is sigma_n^{min} and hence the direct modulation of the output power is possible at a slower capture. The use of multiple layers with QDs is shown to considerably improve the modulation response of the laser -- the same omega_{-3 dB} is obtained in a multi-layer structure at a much lower j_0 than in a single-layer structure.<br /><br />2) Internal optical loss in the optical confinement layer<br /><br />The internal optical loss, which increases with free-carrier density in the waveguide region, considerably reduces the modulation bandwidth omega_{-3 dB} of a QD laser. With internal loss cross-section sigma_int increasing and approaching its maximum tolerable value, the modulation bandwidth decreases and becomes zero. There exists the optimum cavity length, at which omega_{-3 dB} is highest; the larger is sigma_int, the longer is the optimum cavity.<br /> <br />3) Excited states in QDs<br /><br />Direct and indirect (excited-state-mediated) mechanisms of capture of carriers from the waveguide region into the lasing ground state in QDs are considered, and the modulation response of a laser is calculated. It is shown that, when only indirect capture is involved, the excited-to-ground-state relaxation delay strongly limits the ground-state modulation bandwidth of the laser -- at the longest tolerable relaxation time, the bandwidth becomes zero. When direct capture is also involved, the effect of excited-to-ground-state relaxation is less significant and the modulation bandwidth is considerably higher.<br />en
dc.description.degreePh. D.en
dc.publisherVirginia Techen
dc.rightsIn Copyrighten
dc.subjectquantum dot lasersen
dc.subjectsemiconductor lasersen
dc.titleTheory of Modulation Response of Semiconductor Quantum Dot Lasersen
dc.typeDissertationen Science and Engineeringen Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen D.en


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