Advanced Biofilm and Aerobic Granulation Technologies for Water and Wastewater Treatment

dc.contributor.authorSun, Yeweien
dc.contributor.committeechairWang, Zhiwuen
dc.contributor.committeememberPruden, Amyen
dc.contributor.committeememberShuai, Danmengen
dc.contributor.committeememberKhunjar, Wendell O.'Neilen
dc.contributor.departmentCivil and Environmental Engineeringen
dc.date.accessioned2020-04-11T08:00:58Zen
dc.date.available2020-04-11T08:00:58Zen
dc.date.issued2020-04-10en
dc.description.abstractAttached growth biological processes offer advantages over traditional water purification technologies through high biomass retention, easy sludge-water separation, multiple multispecies synergies in proximity, resilience to shock loading, low space requirements, and reactor operational flexibility. Traditionally, attached growth refers to biofilms that require abiotic carrying media for bacteria to attach and grow on. While biofilms have been broadly applied in wastewater treatment, its potential for potable reuse or stormwater treatment has not been well studied. The treatment trains of pre-ozonation followed by biologically active filtration (ozone- BAF) is an advanced biofilm technology for potable reuse that can generate high-quality potable water at reduced energy and chemical demands by removing pollutant through three different pathways: oxidation, adsorption, and biodegradation. However, these pathways can result in both desirable and undesirable effects, and the mechanism behind it is still unclear. To understand the mechanisms of various pollutant removal, parallel performance comparisons of ozone-BAF treatment trains with spent and regenerated granular activated carbon (GAC), along with a range of pre-oxidant ozone doses were performed. Another common issue of BAF is the headloss buildup during its operation, which has become a significant energy and maintenance burden at many utilities. Thus, a mathematical model was developed to predict BAF headloss buildup in response to organic removal and nitrification. For stormwater treatment, the feasibility of using biofilms for stormwater biological nitrogen removal (BNR) is still largely unknown, as very limited research effort has been dedicated to this aspect. Thus, a mathematical model was developed to evaluate the potential of using BNR techniques for stormwater nitrogen removal. Aerobic granules are an even more advanced attached growth process, which eliminates the need for abiotic carrying media. So far, aerobic granular sludge is only formed in sequential batch reactors but not in a continuous flow system. Therefore, continuous flow aerobic granulation from traditional activated sludge was investigated and, for the first time, successfully achieved in continuous flow plug-flow bioreactors fed with real municipal wastewater. Besides, the role and critical value of an essential operational parameter, feast/famine ratio, for continuous flow aerobic granulation were determined.en
dc.description.abstractgeneralWater scarcity and increasing water demand caused by urban population growth and climate change is a reality throughout the world. Thus, process intensification of the current water and wastewater technologies is gaining increasing attention globally. Comparing to traditional water purification technologies, attached growth biological processes offers advantages such as high biomass retention, easy sludge-water separation, multiple multispecies synergies in proximity, resilience to shock loading, small footprint requirement, and reactor operational flexibility. Traditionally, attached growth refers to biofilms that require abiotic carrying media for bacteria to attach and grow on. While biofilms have been broadly applied in wastewater treatment, its potential for potable reuse or stormwater treatment has not been well studied. For potable reuse, the treatment trains of pre-ozonation followed by biologically active filtration (ozone-BAF) is an advanced biofilm technology that can generate high-quality potable water at reduced energy and chemical demands by removing pollutant through different pathways. However, the mechanism behind it is still unclear. To understand the mechanisms of various pollutant removal, parallel performance comparisons of ozone-BAF treatment trains operated with different operational conditions were performed in this dissertation. Another common issue of BAF is the headloss buildup during its operation, which has become a significant energy and maintenance burden at many utilities. Thus, a mathematical model was developed to predict the headloss buildup during BAF operation. For stormwater treatment, the feasibility of using biofilms for stormwater biological nitrogen removal (BNR) is still largely unknown, as very limited research effort has been dedicated to this aspect. Thus, a mathematical model was developed to evaluate the potential of using BNR technique for stormwater. Aerobic granules are an even more advanced attached growth process. However, aerobic granular sludge is so far only formed in sequential batch reactors which are incompatible with the continuous flow nature of most wastewater treatment plants. Therefore, aerobic granulation from traditional activated sludge was investigated and, for the first time, successfully achieved in continuous flow plug-flow bioreactors fed with real municipal wastewater. Besides, the role of an essential operational parameter, feast/famine ratio, for continuous flow aerobic granulation was determined.en
dc.description.degreeDoctor of Philosophyen
dc.format.mediumETDen
dc.identifier.othervt_gsexam:24561en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/97591en
dc.publisherVirginia Techen
dc.rightsIn Copyrighten
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/en
dc.subjectBiofilmen
dc.subjectAerobic granulationen
dc.subjectBiologically active filtrationen
dc.subjectMathematical modelen
dc.subjectPotable reuseen
dc.subjectWastewater treatmenten
dc.titleAdvanced Biofilm and Aerobic Granulation Technologies for Water and Wastewater Treatmenten
dc.typeDissertationen
thesis.degree.disciplineCivil Engineeringen
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen
thesis.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophyen
Files
Original bundle
Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
Loading...
Thumbnail Image
Name:
Sun_Y_D_2020.pdf
Size:
75.49 MB
Format:
Adobe Portable Document Format