Coastal Erosion and Human Perceptions of Revetment Protection in the Lower Meghna Estuary of Bangladesh


This study investigates coastal erosion, revetment as a shoreline protection strategy, and human perceptions of revetments in the Lower Meghna estuary of the Bangladesh where new revetments were recently constructed. Questions addressed were: (1) How do rates of shoreline change vary over the period 2011–2019? (2) Did new revetments effectively halt erosion and what were the magnitudes of erosion change? (3) How have erosion rates changed for shorelines within 1 km of revetments, and (4) How do households perceive revetments? High-resolution Planet Lab imagery was used to quantify shoreline change rates. Analysis of household survey data assessed human perceptions of the revetment’s desirability and efficacy. Results revealed high rates of erosion for 2011–2019 with declining erosion after 2013. New revetments effectively halted erosion for protected shorelines. Significant spatial trends for erosion rates existed for shorelines adjacent to revetments. Survey respondents overwhelmingly had positive attitudes about a desire for revetment protection; however, upstream respondents expressed a strong majority perception that revetment acts to make erosion worse. Highlights of the research include integration of remote sensing with social science methods, the timing of the social survey shortly after revetment construction, and results showing significant erosion change upstream and downstream of new revetments.

coastal erosion, shoreline protection, revetment, human dimensions, Bangladesh delta
Crawford, T.W.; Islam, M.S.; Rahman, M.K.; Paul, B.K.; Curtis, S.; Miah, M.G.; Islam, M.R. Coastal Erosion and Human Perceptions of Revetment Protection in the Lower Meghna Estuary of Bangladesh. Remote Sens. 2020, 12, 3108.