Full Field Reconstruction Enhanced With Operational Modal Analysis and Compressed Sensing for General Dynamic Loading


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Virginia Tech


In most applications, the structure components have to be tested under different loading conditions before being placed in operation. A reliable and low cost measuring technique is desirable. However, most currently employed measuring approaches can only provide the structural response at several discrete locations. The accuracy of the measurements varies with the location and orientation of the sensors. Practically, it is not possible to place sensors at all the critical locations for different excitations. Therefore, an approach that derives the full field response using a limited set of measured data is desirable. In contrast to experimental full field measurement techniques, the expansion approach involves analytically expanding the limited measurements to all the degrees of freedom of the structure. Among all the analytical methods, the modal expansion method is computationally efficient and thus more suitable for real time expansion of measured data. In this method, the full-field response is approximated by the linear combination of mode shapes. In previous studies, the modal expansion method is limited by errors from mode aliasing, inaccuracy of the calculated mode shapes and the noise in measurements.

In order to overcome these limitations, the modal expansion method is enhanced by mode selection and error compensation in this study. First, the key parameters used in modal expansion method were analyzed using a cantilever beam model and a method for optimal placement of sensors was developed. A mode selection method and error compensation method based on operation modal analysis and adaptive compressed sensing techniques were then developed to reduce the effects of mode aliasing, mode shape inaccuracy and measurement noise. The developed approach was further tested virtually using a numerical model of rotor 67. The numerical model was created using a two-way coupled fluid structure interaction technique. By developing these methods, the enhanced modal expansion approach can provide full field response for structures under different load conditions. Compared to the traditional modal expansion method, it can expand the data with high noise and under general dynamic loading.



full field response, modal expansion, operational modal analysis, compressed sensing