Biomass production of herbaceous energy crops in the United States: field trial results and yield potential maps from the multiyear regional feedstock partnership

dc.contributor.authorLee, Do Kyoungen
dc.contributor.authorAberle, Ezraen
dc.contributor.authorAnderson, Eric K.en
dc.contributor.authorAnderson, Williamen
dc.contributor.authorBaldwin, Brian S.en
dc.contributor.authorBaltensperger, Daviden
dc.contributor.authorBarrett, Michaelen
dc.contributor.authorBlumenthal, Jurgen
dc.contributor.authorBonos, Stacyen
dc.contributor.authorBouton, Joeen
dc.contributor.authorBransby, David I.en
dc.contributor.authorBrummer, Charlieen
dc.contributor.authorBurks, Pane S.en
dc.contributor.authorChen, Chengcien
dc.contributor.authorDaly, Christopheren
dc.contributor.authorEgenolf, Joshen
dc.contributor.authorFarris, Rodney L.en
dc.contributor.authorFike, John H.en
dc.contributor.authorGaussoin, Rochen
dc.contributor.authorGill, John R.en
dc.contributor.authorGravois, Kennethen
dc.contributor.authorHalbleib, Michael D.en
dc.contributor.authorHale, Annaen
dc.contributor.authorHanna, Wayneen
dc.contributor.authorHarmoney, Keithen
dc.contributor.authorHeaton, Emily A.en
dc.contributor.authorHeiniger, Ron W.en
dc.contributor.authorHoffman, Lindseyen
dc.contributor.authorHong, Chang O.en
dc.contributor.authorKakani, Gopalen
dc.contributor.authorKallenbach, Roberten
dc.contributor.authorMacoon, Bisoondaten
dc.contributor.authorMedley, James C.en
dc.contributor.authorMissaoui, Alien
dc.contributor.authorMitchell, Roberten
dc.contributor.authorMoore, Ken J.en
dc.contributor.authorMorrison, Jesse I.en
dc.contributor.authorOdvody, Gary N.en
dc.contributor.authorRichwine, Jonathan D.en
dc.contributor.authorOgoshi, Richarden
dc.contributor.authorParrish, Jimmy Rayen
dc.contributor.authorQuinn, Laurenen
dc.contributor.authorRichard, Eden
dc.contributor.authorRooney, William L.en
dc.contributor.authorRushing, J. Bretten
dc.contributor.authorSchnell, Ronnieen
dc.contributor.authorSousek, Matten
dc.contributor.authorStaggenborg, Scott A.en
dc.contributor.authorTew, Thomasen
dc.contributor.authorUehara, Goroen
dc.contributor.authorViands, Donald R.en
dc.contributor.authorVoigt, Thomasen
dc.contributor.authorWilliams, David G.en
dc.contributor.authorWilliams, Lindaen
dc.contributor.authorWilson, Lloyd Teden
dc.contributor.authorWycislo, Andrewen
dc.contributor.authorYang, Yubinen
dc.contributor.authorOwens, Vanceen
dc.contributor.departmentSchool of Plant and Environmental Sciencesen
dc.description.abstractCurrent knowledge of yield potential and best agronomic management practices for perennial bioenergy grasses is primarily derived from small-scale and short-term studies, yet these studies inform policy at the national scale. In an effort to learn more about how bioenergy grasses perform across multiple locations and years, the U.S. Department of Energy (US DOE)/Sun Grant Initiative Regional Feedstock Partnership was initiated in 2008. The objectives of the Feedstock Partnership were to (1) provide a wide range of information for feedstock selection (species choice) and management practice options for a variety of regions and (2) develop national maps of potential feedstock yield for each of the herbaceous species evaluated. The Feedstock Partnership expands our previous understanding of the bioenergy potential of switchgrass, Miscanthus, sorghum, energycane, and prairie mixtures on Conservation Reserve Program land by conducting long-term, replicated trials of each species at diverse environments in the U.S. Trials were initiated between 2008 and 2010 and completed between 2012 and 2015 depending on species. Field-scale plots were utilized for switchgrass and Conservation Reserve Program trials to use traditional agricultural machinery. This is important as we know that the smaller scale studies often overestimated yield potential of some of these species. Insufficient vegetative propagules of energycane and Miscanthus prohibited farm-scale trials of these species. The Feedstock Partnership studies also confirmed that environmental differences across years and across sites had a large impact on biomass production. Nitrogen application had variable effects across feedstocks, but some nitrogen fertilizer generally had a positive effect. National yield potential maps were developed using PRISM-ELM for each species in the Feedstock Partnership. This manuscript, with the accompanying supplemental data, will be useful in making decisions about feedstock selection as well as agronomic practices across a wide region of the country.en
dc.description.adminPublic domain – authored by a U.S. government employeeen
dc.description.notesThis research was supported by funding from the North Central Regional Sun Grant Center at South Dakota State University through a grant provided by the US Department of Energy Bioenergy Technologies Office under award number DE-FC36-05GO85041. The authors would also like to thank the many individuals who assisted with data collection, producers who allowed field trials to be conducted on their land, and any others who helped make the Feedstock Partnership a success.en
dc.description.sponsorshipNorth Central Regional Sun Grant Center at South Dakota State University through US Department of Energy Bioenergy Technologies Office [DE-FC36-05GO85041]en
dc.rightsCC0 1.0 Universalen
dc.subjectConservation Reserve Programen
dc.titleBiomass production of herbaceous energy crops in the United States: field trial results and yield potential maps from the multiyear regional feedstock partnershipen
dc.title.serialGlobal Change Biology Bioenergyen
dc.typeArticle - Refereeden


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