Trust-Based Service Management for Service-Oriented Mobile Ad Hoc Networks and Its Application to Service Composition and Task Assignment with Multi-Objective Optimization Goals

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Virginia Tech

With the proliferation of fairly powerful mobile devices and ubiquitous wireless technology, traditional mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) now migrate into a new era of service-oriented MANETs wherein a node can provide and receive service from other nodes it encounters and interacts with. This dissertation research concerns trust management and its applications for service-oriented MANETs to answer the challenges of MANET environments, including no centralized authority, dynamically changing topology, limited bandwidth and battery power, limited observations, unreliable communication, and the presence of malicious nodes who act to break the system functionality as well as selfish nodes who act to maximize their own gain.

We propose a context-aware trust management model called CATrust for service-oriented ad hoc networks. The novelty of our design lies in the use of logit regression to dynamically estimate trustworthiness of a service provider based on its service behavior patterns in a context environment, treating channel conditions, node status, service payoff, and social disposition as 'context' information. We develop a recommendation filtering mechanism to effectively screen out false recommendations even in extremely hostile environments in which the majority recommenders are malicious. We demonstrate desirable convergence, accuracy, and resiliency properties of CATrust. We also demonstrate that CATrust outperforms contemporary peer-to-peer and Internet of Things trust models in terms of service trust prediction accuracy against collusion recommendation attacks.

We validate the design of trust-based service management based on CATrust with a node-to-service composition and binding MANET application and a node-to-task assignment MANET application with multi-objective optimization (MOO) requirements. For either application, we propose a trust-based algorithm to effectively filter out malicious nodes exhibiting various attack behaviors by penalizing them with trust loss, which ultimately leads to high user satisfaction. Our trust-based algorithm is efficient with polynomial runtime complexity while achieving a close-to-optimal solution. We demonstrate that our trust-based algorithm built on CATrust outperforms a non-trust-based counterpart using blacklisting techniques and trust-based counterparts built on contemporary peer-to-peer trust protocols. We also develop a dynamic table-lookup method to apply the best trust model parameter settings upon detection of rapid MANET environment changes to maximize MOO performance.

Trust, Logistic Regression, Service Management, Mobile Ad Hoc Networks, Multi-Objective Optimization, Service Composition, Task Assignment