Symplectic GARK methods for Hamiltonian systems

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Generalized Additive Runge-Kutta schemes have shown to be a suitable tool for solving ordinary differential equations with additively partitioned right-hand sides. This work generalizes these GARK schemes to symplectic GARK schemes for additively partitioned Hamiltonian systems. In a general setting, we derive conditions for symplecticeness, as well as symmetry and time-reversibility. We show how symplectic and symmetric schemes can be constructed based on schemes which are only symplectic. Special attention is given to the special case of partitioned schemes for Hamiltonians split into multiple potential and kinetic energies. Finally we show how symplectic GARK schemes can use efficiently different time scales and evaluation costs for different potentials by using different order for these parts.

math.NA, cs.NA, 65L05, 65L06, 65L07, 65L020