Operational Modal Analysis of Rolling Tire: A Tire Cavity Accelerometer Mediated Approach
Dash, Pradosh Pritam
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The low frequency (0-500 Hz) automotive noise and vibration behavior is influenced by the rolling dynamics of the tire. Driven by pressing environmental concerns, the automotive industry has strived to innovate fuel-efficient and quieter powertrain systems over the last decade. This has eventually led to the prevalence of hybrid and electric vehicles. With the noise masking effect of the engine orders being absent, the interior structure-borne noise is dominated by the tire pavement interaction under 500 Hz. This necessitates an accurate estimation of rolling tire dynamics. To this date, there is no direct procedure available for modal analysis of rolling tires with tread patterns under realistic operating conditions. The present start-of-art laser vibrometer based non-contact measurements are limited to tread vibration measurement of smooth tires only in a lab environment. This study focuses on devising an innovative strategy to use a wireless Tire Cavity Accelerometer (TCA) and two optical sensors in a tire on drum setup with cleat excitation to characterize dynamics of tread vibration in an appreciably easier, time and cost-effective approach. In this approach, First, the TCA vibration signal in a single test run is clustered into several groups representing an array of virtual sensor position at different circumferential positions. Then modal identification has been performed using both parametric and non-parametric operational modal identification procedures. Furthermore, relevant conclusions are drawn about the observed modal properties of the tire under rolling including the limitations of the proposed method. The method proposed here, as is, can be applied to a treaded tire and can also be implemented in an on-road test setup.
General Audience Abstract
The low frequency(0-500 Hz) interior noise and vibration of an automobile is primarily influenced by the dynamics of the rolling tire. In recent studies, the laser vibrometer with moving mirrors for measurement of vibration on the tread of a rotating tire has been used. However, these are limited to tires without tread pattern. In this study, an innovative experimental way of performing operational modal analysis using the Tire cavity Accelerometer (TCA) and optical sensors is presented. The proposed method is simpler in terms of instrumentation and cost and time-effective. This method, as is, can also be implemented in case of a treaded tire
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