Robust GM Wiener Filter in the Complex Domain
Kayrish, Matthew Greco
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Space-Time Adaptive Processing is a signal processing technique that uses an adaptive array to help remove nonhomogeneous data points from a dataset. Since the early 1970s, STAP has been used in radar systems for their ability to "filter clutter, interference and jamming signals. One major flaw with early STAP radar systems is the reliance on non-robust estimators to estimate the noise condition. When even a single outlier is present, the earliest STAP radar systems would break down, causing the target to be missed. Many algorithms have been developed to successfully estimate the noise condition of the dataset when outliers are present. As recently as 2007, a STAP radar processing system based on Adaptive Complex Projection Statistics has been proposed and successfully"filters out the noise condition even when outliers are present. However, this algorithm requires the data to be entirely real. Radar data, which consists of amplitude and phase, is complex valued. Therefore, it must be converted into its rectangular components before processing can commence. This introduces many additional processing steps which significantly increase the computing time. The STAP radar algorithm of this thesis overcomes the problems with early radar systems. It is based on the Complex GM Wiener Filter (CGMWF) with the Minimum Covariance Determinant (MCD) for outlier detection. The robustness of the conventional Wiener "lter is enhanced by robust Huber Estimator, and using the MCD enables processing entirely in the complex domain. This results in a STAP radar algorithm with a breakdown point of nearly 35% and that enables processing entirely in the complex domain for fewer computing steps.
- Masters Theses