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dc.contributor.authorVincent, Edward Creeden_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-03-14T20:30:44Z
dc.date.available2014-03-14T20:30:44Z
dc.date.issued2003-01-10en_US
dc.identifier.otheretd-01162003-020147en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/30962
dc.description.abstractConcrete undergoes volumetric changes throughout its service life. These changes are a result of applied loads and shrinkage. Applied loads result in an instantaneous recoverable elastic deformation and a slow, time dependent, inelastic deformation called creep. Creep without moisture loss is referred to as basic creep and with moisture loss is referred to as drying creep. Shrinkage is the combination of autogeneous, drying, and carbonation shrinkage. The combination of creep, shrinkage, and elastic deformation is referred to as total strain. The prestressed concrete beams in the Chickahominy River Bridge have been fabricated with a lightweight, high strength concrete mixture (LTHSC). Laboratory test specimens have been cast using the concrete materials and mixture proportions used in the fabrication of the bridge beams. Two standard cure and two match cure batches have been loaded for 329 and 251 days, respectively. Prestress losses are generally calculated with the total strain predicted by the American Concrete Institute Committee 209 recommendations, ACI 209, or the European design code, CEB Model Code 90. Two additional models that have been proposed are the B3 model by Bazant and Baweja, and the GL2000 model proposed by Gardner and Lockman. The four models are analyzed to determine the most precise model for the LTHSC mixture. Only ACI 209 considered lightweight aggregates during model development. GL2000 considers aggregate stiffness in the model. ACI 209 was the best predictor of total strain and individual time dependent deformations for the accelerated cure specimens. CEB Mode Code 90 was the best predictor of total strain for the standard cure specimens. The best overall predictor of time dependent deformations was the GL2000 model for the standard cure specimens.en_US
dc.publisherVirginia Techen_US
dc.relation.haspartLTHSCthesis.pdfen_US
dc.rightsI hereby certify that, if appropriate, I have obtained and attached hereto a written permission statement from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis, dissertation, or project report, allowing distribution as specified below. I certify that the version I submitted is the same as that approved by my advisory committee. I hereby grant to Virginia Tech or its agents the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible, under the conditions specified below, my thesis, dissertation, or project report in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis, dissertation or project report. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis, dissertation, or project report.en_US
dc.subjectcompressive creepen_US
dc.subjectlightweight aggregateen_US
dc.subjectshrinkageen_US
dc.subjectprediction modelsen_US
dc.titleCompressive Creep of a Lightweight, High Strength Concrete Mixtureen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.contributor.departmentCivil Engineeringen_US
dc.description.degreeMaster of Scienceen_US
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Scienceen_US
thesis.degree.levelmastersen_US
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineCivil Engineeringen_US
dc.contributor.committeechairWeyers, Richard E.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberRoberts-Wollmann, Carin L.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberCousins, Thomas E.en_US
dc.identifier.sourceurlhttp://scholar.lib.vt.edu/theses/available/etd-01162003-020147/en_US
dc.date.sdate2003-01-16en_US
dc.date.rdate2004-01-17
dc.date.adate2003-01-17en_US


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