Finite Element Analysis of a Shaft-Rotor System
Phillips, Donald Andrew
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The United States Air Force is in the process of developing a more electric aircraft. The development of an aircraft Integrated Power Unit and an Internal Starter/Generator will be instrumental in producing sufficient electrical power to run all non propulsive systems. Iron-cobalt alloys, such as Hiperco alloy 50HS, are high temperature, high strength magnetic materials ideal for these power applications. Design requirements and previous studies indicate that these materials need to survive in temperatures up to 1000F (810K), rotation speeds of about 55,000 rpm, and have strengths in excess of 80 ksi. Research conducted by Fingers provided the material and creep properties used in the analysis presented in this report. The finite element method was used to analyze a spinning rotor mounted to a circular shaft via an interference fit subjected to various operating environments. The power law creep model defined by Fingers was used to analyze three distinct rotor configurations. The first configuration was a constant temperature single lamina, mounted to a shaft of equal thickness, subject to temperatures between 727K and 780K, rotation speeds between 35,000 rpm and 60,000 rpm, and two different interference fits: 0.0015 inches and 0.003 inches. The results yield conservative predictions that indicate that these models could not survive the required operating conditions. The second configuration was a linear radial variation in temperature single lamina, mounted to a shaft of equal thickness, subjected to three temperature ranges, rotation speeds between 30,000 rpm and 55,000 rpm, and two different interference fits; 0.0015 inches and 0.003 inches. These results represent a more realistic model, which indicate that the â coolerâ inner portions of the rotor restrict the creep deformations of the â hotterâ outer portions resulting in higher possible operating temperatures and rotation speeds very near the required operating conditions. The third configuration was a lamina stack comprised of two rotor lamina, with a Coulomb friction surface interaction, and held together by a compressive axial force. These models represent a first step towards understanding the behavior of the entire rotor stack.
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