Finite Element Simulation of the MRTA Test of a Human Tibia
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Five FE models were developed in stages by adding complexity. Starting with a solid mesh of the diaphysis, each model was created from its predecessor by sequentially adding: a medullary canal, linear elastic (LE) cancellous epiphyses, linear viscoelastic (LVE) cancellous and cortical bone, and a LVE skin layer. The models were simulated in vibration using a direct steady-state dynamics procedure in ABAQUS to calculate the complex stiffness response.
Natural frequency analysis (ABAQUS) verified that the FE models accurately reproduced previous experimental and computational resonances for human tibiae. A solid, LE cortex roughly matched the dominant frequency from experimental MRTA raw data. Adding the medullary canal and LVE properties to bone did not greatly spread the peak or shift the resonant frequency. Adding the skin layer broadened the peak response to better match the MRTA experimental response. These results demonstrate a simulation of the MRTA response based upon published geometries and material data that captures the essence of the instrument.
- Masters Theses