Effects of Heat Addition After the Exhaust Valve on a Small Turbocharged Diesel Engine
Brandon, Sidney Jordan
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Designers of engines have always looked for ways to improve the power to weight ratio of mobile internal combustion engines. This was especially true in aircraft engine design and engines for various forms of racing. Today designers are looking for ways to make everything from cars to road tractors to farm tractors lighter and thereby more efficient. In addition, in many cases these vehicles only need the maximum power that an engine can produce for a small amount of time. What is needed is a small, lightweight engine with the ability to produce a large amount of power for a short duration. The work here describes one possible method for constructing just such a type of engine. By adding a combustion chamber in the exhaust flow between the engine exhaust valve and the turbine inlet on a turbocharged diesel engine, it should be possible to increase the turbine temperature. This will in turn allow the turbine to deliver more power to the compressor and create a higher inlet pressure and allow the engine to create more power. This paper describes both a computer simulation and an engine with this combustion chamber installed. There were however, problems with both the simulation as well as the test engine. While no quantitative data was obtained from the test engine, some valuable observations were made. The computer simulation yielded results and from these results and observations made while testing the engine with the combustion chamber installed it was determined that this design shows promise of creating an engine with higher specific power.
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