Evaluation of Phenol Formaldehyde Resin Cure Rate
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The research will further examine resin cure through dielectric analysis; such a technique could monitor resin cure directly and in real-time press situations. Hot-pressing processes could conceivably no longer require a set press schedule; instead they would be individually set based on dielectric data for every press batch. Such a system may lead to a more efficient and uniform product because press times could be based on individual press cycles instead of entire product lines. A more likely scenario, however, is the use of in situ adhesive cure monitoring for troubleshooting or press schedule development.
This research characterized the cure of two phenol-formaldehyde resins using parallel-plate rheometry, fringe-field dielectric analysis, and parallel-plate dielectric analysis. The general shape of the storage modulus vs. time curve and the gel and vitrification points in a temperature ramp were found.
Both dielectric analysis techniques were able to characterize trends in the resin cure and detect points such as vitrification. The two techniques were also found to be comparable when the cure profiles of similar conditions were examined.
- Masters Theses