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dc.contributor.authorJano, Pilar Alejandraen_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-03-14T20:39:37Z
dc.date.available2014-03-14T20:39:37Z
dc.date.issued2007-05-02en_US
dc.identifier.otheretd-06082007-131653en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/33483
dc.description.abstractThis thesis explores constraints to the development of markets for high quality cacao in Ecuador. It focuses on the role of market level constraints, particularly the transmission of quality incentives along the marketing chain and their effects on farmersâ incentives to invest in quality production. Chapter 1 introduces the reader to the problem, demonstrating that Ecuadorian farmers are not responding to international incentives to produce high quality cacao, and outlines the objectives, hypotheses, and structure of the thesis. Chapter 2 provides background to the market, detailing Ecuadorâ s role in world commodity and high-value cacao markets and gives a detailed description of the cacao market in Ecuador. Chapter 3 uses a subsector analysis to develop and test hypotheses that specific market level constraints, such as transaction costs, market power, and institutional constraints, impede the transmission of incentives to produce quality to farmers. The subsector analysis failed to support the hypotheses that intermediaries are able to exert market power but found that transaction costs and weak institutions presented significant constraints to the transmission of quality incentives. Chapter 4 examines the determinants of farmersâ market channel choice and the prices that they receive. In addition to determinants that are commonly found in the literature, such as the characteristics of the transaction and farmerâ s characteristics, hypotheses testing of quality incentives makes a unique contribution. Analysis of survey data of Ecuadorian farmers found minimal transmission of quality incentives to farmersâ only the cultivar Nacional as a quality indicator was found to affect the farmersâ market channel choice out of six indicators selected to represent quality. The quality indicators selected were pre- and post-harvest practices, variety, having received technical assistance, credit, belonging to a cacao association, and discounts at sale by the buyer. Also, pre- and post-harvest practices, having received credit, and belonging to a cacao association out of similar quality indicators were found to affect the price paid to the farmer. Finally, Chapter 5 summarizes the main points discovered through the research, discusses policy implications, and proposes further research needs.en_US
dc.publisherVirginia Techen_US
dc.relation.haspart2007_07_17_PJanoMasterThesis.pdfen_US
dc.rightsI hereby certify that, if appropriate, I have obtained and attached hereto a written permission statement from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis, dissertation, or project report, allowing distribution as specified below. I certify that the version I submitted is the same as that approved by my advisory committee. I hereby grant to Virginia Tech or its agents the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible, under the conditions specified below, my thesis, dissertation, or project report in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis, dissertation or project report. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis, dissertation, or project report.en_US
dc.subjectEcuadoren_US
dc.subjectqualityen_US
dc.subjectmarketing chainen_US
dc.subjectsmall farmersen_US
dc.subjectmarketen_US
dc.subjectcacaoen_US
dc.titleQuality Incentives and the Development of High-value Agrifood Markets: Ecuador's Cacao Marketing Chainen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.contributor.departmentAgricultural and Applied Economicsen_US
dc.description.degreeMaster of Scienceen_US
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Scienceen_US
thesis.degree.levelmastersen_US
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineAgricultural and Applied Economicsen_US
dc.contributor.committeechairMainville, Denise Y.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberNorton, George W.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberParmeter, Christopher F.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberTaylor, Daniel B.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberAlwang, Jeffrey R.en_US
dc.identifier.sourceurlhttp://scholar.lib.vt.edu/theses/available/etd-06082007-131653/en_US
dc.date.sdate2007-06-08en_US
dc.date.rdate2007-07-27
dc.date.adate2007-07-27en_US


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