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A Nacreous Self-Assembled Nanolaminate for Corrosion Resistance on 2024-Al Alloy
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Nanometer thick layers of clay and polymer were formed on mica, silicon, and aluminum 2024-T3 alloy using alternating solutions of positively and negatively charged polymer and clay, respectively. Atomic force microscopy was used to observe the morphology of the composite films on mica and silicon. It was found that solution concentrations of clay above 0.02 weight percent lead to the uncontrolled deposition of clay platelets on the substrateâ s surface. By using solution concentrations of clay above 0.02 weight percent and ultrasonic agitation together it is possible to deposit a uniform monolayer of clay platelets on a mica substrate in Â£ 20 seconds. Ultrasonic agitation also produced crude patterns of montmorillonite platelets. Thin films of poly(diallydimethylammonium chloride) (PDDA) were made using concentrations Â³ 2 weight percent of PDDA. It was found that the PDDA formed several unusual morphologies. Spherulites of PDDA were observed with AFM and the glass transition temperature of high molecular weight PDDA was measured using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Circular regions of positive charge were discovered on silicon wafers provided by three different sources. These areas of charge have never been reported in literature, but can easily be detected by placing wafers into solutions containing negatively or positively charged solutions of clay or polymer, respectively. The exact nature of these charged regions is unknown, but it is hypothesized that impurities on silicon wafers create the circular regions of positive charge. ISAM films made of a polyamide salt and a synthetic clay, Laponite RDÂ®, demonstrated significant corrosion resistance on 2024-T3 Al alloys after 168 hours of salt spray testing. The ISAM films offered corrosion protection only if there was a significant layer of underlying surface oxide present, however. It was found that ISAM deposited films of polyarylic acid (PAA) and polyallylamine hydrochloride (PAH) may offer some corrosion resistance on 2024-T3 Al alloys, but these filmsâ corrosion resistance is severely hampered by the presence of Cl- in the PAH solution. Funding from this project was gratefully received from the Materials Science and Engineering Department at Virginia Tech; Luna Innovations Inc; the American Chemical Society / Petroleum Research Fund #34412-G5 and the Environmental Protection Agency Contract #68-D-00-244.
- Masters Theses