Investigation of Single Span Z-Section Purlins Supporting Standing Seam Roof Systems Considering Distortional Buckling
Cortese, Scott D.
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Presently, the industry accepted method for the determination of the governing buckling strength for cold-formed purlins supporting a standing seam metal roof system is the 1996 AISI Specification for the Design of Cold-Formed Steel Structural Members, which contains provisions for local and lateral buckling. Previous research has determined that the AISI provisions for local buckling strength predictions of cold-formed purlins are highly unconservative and that the AISI provisions for lateral buckling strength predictions of cold-formed purlins are overly conservative. Therefore, a more accurate "hand" method is needed to predict the buckling strengths of cold-formed purlins supporting standing seam roof systems. The primary objective of this study is to investigate the accuracy of the Hancock Method, which predicts distortional buckling strengths, as compared to the 1996 AISI Specification provisions for local and lateral buckling. This study used the experimental results of 62 third point laterally braced tests and 12 laterally unbraced tests. All tests were simple span, cold-formed Z-section supported standing seam roof systems. The local, lateral, and distortional buckling strengths were predicted for each test using the aforementioned methods. These results were compared to the experimentally obtained data and then to each other to determine the most accurate strength prediction method. Based on the results of this study, the Hancock Method for the prediction of distortional buckling strength was the most accurate method for third point braced purlins supporting standing seam roof systems. In addition, a resistance factor was developed to account for the variation between the experimental and the Hancock Method's predicted strengths.
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