Adaptation For Multi-Antenna Systems
Phelps, Christopher Ian
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Previous attempts to adapt MIMO systems in the presence of varying channel conditions typically focus on characterizing the performance of a limited and predefined set of joint MoDem/CoDec and MIMO configurations over a representative set of channel realizations. Other work has attempted to adapt only the MIMO scheme to varying channel conditions without considering modulation format or the channel code used. Finally, attempts to configure the system through direct BER calculation based on channel conditions were also proposed. These methods suffer the problems of dependence on a limited set of simulated curves which may not account for all channel conditions that a real system might see, not configuring all parameters jointly or implicitly requiring channel state information to be fed back to the transmitter. None of these previous attempts have handled both cases where CSIT is available or not while jointly configuring the MoDem, CoDec and multi-antenna scheme. This work consists of two parts, focusing on energy efficiency in the presence of unoccupied frequency bands and on spectrally efficient operation under static frequency assignment. Utilizing minimum Euclidean distances of MoDem constellations and the minimum free Hamming distance metrics for channel codes, we develop distance metrics to describe the MIMO schemes which are considered. A minimum required distance is then determined as a function of desired BER and constellation. Based on the unified set of distance metrics, adaptive algorithms can evaluate the total distance of a signaling scheme, including MoDem, CoDec and MIMO scheme, and then calculate a decision metric based on the total distance and the required distance to meet the desired BER. The proposed system which aims to maximize energy efficiency is able to choose, based on spatial correlation, available channels, CSIT availability, and power amplifier configuration, the appropriate multi-antenna configuration, MoDem and Codec to meet a fixed throughput requirement while maximizing the energy efficiency or robustness of the link. The proposed work assumes that the open channels of a network can be accessed through individually tunable RF chains of the multi-antenna systems. This assumption permits the use of a multi-antenna, multi-channel scheme which sacrifices spatial diversity for frequency diversity. In addition to traditional, single-channel transmit diversity schemes, the adaptive system is also able choose, when more energy efficient, this novel, multi-channel configuration. When focusing on the maximization of spectral efficiency, a more conventional, single-channel model is assumed. In addition to the distance metrics for single-channel diversity schemes, distance metrics are then developed for spatial multiplexing schemes which take into account the interaction of spatial correlation, number of antennas and the rate of the channel code. The adaptive system uses the total distance of the joint configuration of MoDem, CoDec and MIMO scheme to calculate a decision metric which indicates whether the configuration will meet the desired BER. From a list of joint configurations which will meet the desired BER, the adaptive system then chooses the one which maximizes the spectral efficiency.
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