Space-Time Analysis of Magmatism: Evidence for a Early Cryogenian Plume Track in Eastern Laurentia.
Fokin, Maria Alexandra
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In the Grenville age basement rocks of Virginia and North Carolina, nearly thirty Cryogenian volcanic/plutonic complexes have been recognized. A-type granites and rhyolites dominate the igneous complexes within the Cryogenian Magmatic Province (CMP), but compositional variations range from gabbro through syenites. The mineralogy, chemical composition and field data including microstructural emphasis suggests emplacement of these igneous complexes in an extensional setting. In this study U/Pb zircon ages of several plutons were determined using secondary ion mass spectrometry. The ages suggest two episodes of magmatism. An older episode (739 to 745 Ma) of magmatism includes White Oak Creek, Suck Mountain, and Amisville plutons. The younger episode (613 to 694 Ma) includes Dillons Mill, Stewartsville, Mobley Mountain, Rockfish River, and Fine Creek Mills plutons. These two age groups also display differences in geochemistry. In contrast to the older group of plutons, the younger plutons are characteristically more metaluminous, lower in silica, higher in aluminum and phosphate, lower agpatic index, less REE enrichment, minimal K-feldspar and accessory mineral fractionation. The distribution of the older group of plutons over a distance of nearly 600km requires the development of a crustal scale zone of extension. A space-time analysis suggests that these plutons represent a continental plume track similar to the White Mountain Magma Series. Plume head arrival ages of 765 to 754 Ma in the southern part of the region are measurably older than 735 to 705 Ma observed in the north, and yield a plate motion rate of ~2 cm/year.
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