An Experimental Investigation of JP-7 and n-Heptane Extinction Limits in an Opposed Jet Burner
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Extinction limit data were obtained for nine fuels by means of a laminar flame experiment using an opposed jet burner (OJB). The OJB consists of two axi-symmetric tubes (for fuel and oxidizer separately), which produce a flat, disk-like, counterflow diffusion flame. This paper presents results of experiments conducted in an OJB that measured extinction limits at one atmosphere for vaporized n-heptane, the Air Force-developed fuels JP-7, and JP-10, as well as methane, ethane, ethylene, propane, butane, and hydrogen.
In hypersonic aircraft development it is desirable to design a Scramjet engine that is operated on hydrocarbon fuel, particularly JP-7 due to its distinct properties. This study provides key data for JP-7, for which very limited information previously existed. The interest in n-heptane is twofold. First, it has undergone a significant amount of previous flame structure and extinction limit study. Second, n-heptane (C7H16) is a pure substance, and therefore does not vary in composition, as does JP-7, which is a variable mixture of several different hydrocarbons. These two facts allow a baseline to be established by comparing the new OJB results to those previously taken. Additionally, the existing data for n-heptane, for mixtures up to 26 mole percent in nitrogen, is extended to 100% n-heptane, reaching an asymptotic limit. Extinction limit data for the two fuels are given with a comparison to hydrogen and several other gaseous hydrocarbon fuels. Complete experimental results are included.
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