Measurements of Flow in Boundary Layer Ingesting Serpentine Inlets
Ferrar, Anthony Maurice
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Highly integrated airframe-propulsion systems featuring ingestion of the airframe boundary layer oer reduced noise, emissions, and fuel consumption. Embedded engine systems are envisioned which require boundary layer ingesting (BLI) serpentine inlets to provide the needed air ow to the engine. These inlets produce distorted ow proles that can cause aeromechanical, stability, and performance changes in embedded engines. Proper design of embedded engine systems requires understanding of the underlying uid dynamics that occur within serpentine inlets. A serpentine inlet was tested in a specially designed wind tunnel that simulated boundary layer ingestion in a full-scale realistic environment. The measured total pressure proles at the inlet and exit planes of the duct, and the static pressure distributions along the walls provided useful data related to the ow in BLI serpentine inlet systems. A bleed ow control system was tested that utilized no more than 2% of the total inlet ow. Two bleed slots were employed, one near the rst bend of the S-duct and one near second. The bleed system successfully reduced inlet distortions by as much as 30%, implying improvements in stall margin and engine performance. Analysis of the wake shape entering the S-duct showed that the airframe and inlet duct are both important components of a wake-ingesting inlet/diusion system. Shape eects and static pressure distributions determined ow transport within the serpentine inlet. Flow separation within the S-duct increased distortion at the engine inlet plane. Discussion of airframe/inlet/engine compatibility demonstrates that embedded engine systems require multi-disciplinary collaborative design eorts. An included fundamental analysis provides performance estimates and design guidelines. The ideal airframe performance improvement associated with wake-ingestion is estimated.
- Masters Theses