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Analysis of Composite Laminates with Matrix Cracks
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Analysis of the effects of matrix cracking on composite laminates is a well-known problem which has attracted considerable attention for the past decade. An approximate analytical solution is introduced in this thesis to study this type of problem. The subjects of primary concern are the degradation of effective laminate properties, such as axial stiffness, Poisson's ratio, shear modulus, and coefficient of thermal expansion, as a function of crack density and the axial stress redistribution due to the existence of matrix cracks. Both transverse cracks (2-D problem) and cross (transverse and longitudinal) cracks (3-D problem) are studied. Results for graphite/epoxy cross-ply laminates are presented and compared to those of other approaches. Some other materials, for instance, glass/epoxy, are also studied. The results and comparisons will appear where appropriate. In general, the agreement between the results of the present analysis and those of other approaches, in particular, the finite element method, is good for the lower crack density. The present study shows that Poisson's ratio may be a good indicator of the degree of damage for a cracked laminate.
- Masters Theses