Interrogating post-Marxism: Laclau and Mouffe, Foucault, and Å½iÅ¾ek
Nash, Matthew Austin
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According to Ernesto Laclau and Chantal Mouffe, our postmodern era and its correlate political problematic requires a shift in positing socialist strategy. Their wager is that by shifting away from essentialist Marxism, and towards a post-Marxist theory of hegemony which they adapt from Gramsci, the analytic for overturning contemporary hegemony will take the form of a radical democratic politics. My contention is that in shifting away from essentialist Marxism through their post-structuralist deconstructive stance, Laclau and Mouffe overstep and make their analytic for socialist strategy impotent. In order to show where Laclau and Mouffe have gone wrong I use primarily the work of Michel Foucault and Slavoj Å½iÅ¾ek in order to demonstrate how a post-structuralist theory of ideology need not be a post-Marxist theory of ideology.
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