Mechanical properties of bio-absorbable materials
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Bioabsorbable orthopedic fixation devices are conceptually more attractive than metallic devices in repairing damaged tissues or in fastening implants. Our study focuses on investigating bioabsorbable composites for potential use as materials for orthopedic appliances. The study focuses on Poly(l-lactic acid) (PLLA), Polyglycolic acid (PGA), Poly-e-caprolactone (PCL), matrices with Carbon fibers (AS4), Nylon fibers and PLLA fibers. Fiber coating effects have also been investigated, with compliant polymers (1%, 50% and 100% of matrix properties) and with hydroxyapatite (HA). Unidirectional, continuous fiber plies, and multi-directional, random and quasi-random short-fiber composites were considered in our study.
NDSANDS a concentric cylinder model computer software, was used to evaluate the stiffness and strength of the bioabsorbable composites with unidirectional fiber orientation. To achieve a better physical understanding, the NDSANDS predictions were also compared with those given by a simple, mechanics of materials approach. The theory for multidirectional short fiber composites, recently developed by Giurgiutiu and Reifsnider was employed with three fiber-orientation distribution functions and three failure mechanisms.
Stiffness and strength of bioabsorbable composites were predicted over a range of fiber volume fraction. It was found that AS4/PLLA with 16% fiber volume fraction can have properties close to the bone when used in short fiber composite. Similar results are obtained using AS4/PLLA with hydroxyapatite coating. PLLA/PGA and PLLA/PLLA also demonstrated properties close to those of the bone in the range of 25% and 64%.
- Masters Theses