Formulation and Validation of a Nonlinear Shell Element for the Analysis of Reinforced Concrete and Masonry Structures
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Reinforced concrete (RC) shear wall buildings constitute a significant portion of the building inventory in many earthquake-prone regions. A similar type of structural system is fully-grouted reinforced masonry (RM) shear wall structures. The accurate determination of the nonlinear response of reinforced concrete and reinforced masonry (RC/RM) walls subjected to lateral loading is of uttermost importance for ensuring the safety of the built environment. Analytical models provide a cost efficient and comprehensive tool to study the nonlinear response of RC/RM structures, as compared to experimental tests. Predictive models should capture nonlinear material behavior as well as the geometrically nonlinear response of RC/RM shear wall structures during major seismic events. This thesis outlines the formulation and validation of a nonlinear shell element for the simulation of RC/RM structures. The proposed shell element enhances an existing formulation of a four-node Discrete Kirchhoff shell element through the inclusion of a corotational approach to account for geometric nonlinearities and of nonlinear material models to capture the effect of cracking and crushing in concrete or masonry and the nonlinear hysteretic behavior of reinforcing steel. The analytical results obtained from multiple linear and nonlinear analyses are compared against theoretical solutions and experimental test data. These comparative validation studies show the enhanced shell element can satisfactorily capture the salient features of the response of nonlinear reinforced concrete/masonry shear wall structures including axial-shear-flexure interaction, damage patterns, and in-plane and out-of-plane loading.
- Masters Theses