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IRIS: Intelligent Roadway Image Segmentation
Brown, Ryan Charles
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The problem of roadway navigation and obstacle avoidance for unmanned ground vehicles has typically needed very expensive sensing to operate properly. To reduce the cost of sensing, it is proposed that an algorithm be developed that uses a single visual camera to image the roadway, determine where the lane of travel is in the image, and segment that lane. The algorithm would need to be as accurate as current lane finding algorithms as well as faster than a standard k- means segmentation across the entire image. This algorithm, named IRIS, was developed and tested on several sets of roadway images. The algorithm was tested for its accuracy and speed, and was found to be better than 86% accurate across all data sets for an optimal choice of algorithm parameters. IRIS was also found to be faster than a k-means segmentation across the entire image. IRIS was found to be adequate for fulfilling the design goals for the algorithm. IRIS is a feasible system for lane identification and segmentation, but it is not currently a viable system. More work to increase the speed of the algorithm and the accuracy of lane detection and to extend the inherent lane model to more complex road types is needed. IRIS represents a significant step forward in the single camera roadway perception field.
- Masters Theses