The Dynamics of Gas-Surface Energy Transfer in Collisions of Diatomic Gases with Organic Surfaces
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Understanding interfacial interactions at the molecular level is important for interpreting and predicting the dynamics and mechanisms of all chemistry processes. A thorough understanding of the interaction dynamics and energy transfer between gas molecules and surfaces is essential for the study of various chemical reactions. The collisions of diatomic molecules on organic surfaces are crucial to the study of atmospheric chemistry. Molecular beam scattering experiments performed in ultra-high vacuum chambers provide insight into the dynamics of gas-surface interactions. Many questions remain to be answered in the study of gas-surface interfacial chemistry. For example, what affects the energy transfer between gas molecules and surfaces? How do intermolecular forces affect the interfacial interaction dynamics? We have approached these questions by scattering diatomic gas molecules from functionalized self-assembled monolayers (SAMs). Our results indicate that the intermolecular forces between gas molecules and surfaces play an important role in the energy transfer processes. Moreover, the stronger the intermolecular forces, the more often the incident molecules come into thermal equilibrium with the surface. Furthermore, most of the previous approaches toward understanding gas-surface interaction dynamics considered the interactions as independent incidents. By scattering O2, N2, CO and NO on both CH3- and OH- terminated SAM, we found a correlation between the gas-surface interactions and a bulk property, solubility. Both being strongly affected by intermolecular forces, the gas-surface energy transfer and solubility of gases in surface-similar solvents (water for OH-SAM, n-hexane for CH3-SAM) have a positive correlation. This correlation facilitates the understanding of interfacial dynamics at the molecular level, and helps predict the outcome of the similar-size gas collisions on surfaces.
- Masters Theses