Virginia Tech has been a worldwide leader in electronic theses and dissertation initiatives for more than 20 years. On January 1, 1997, Virginia Tech was the first university to require electronic submission of theses and dissertations (ETDs). Ever since then, Virginia Tech graduate students have been able to prepare, submit, review, and publish their theses and dissertations online and to append digital media such as images, data, audio, and video.

University Libraries staff are also currently digitizing thousands of pre-1997 theses and dissertations and loading them into VTechWorks. Many pre-1997 theses and dissertations are restricted to users with a Virginia Tech IP address and cannot be released to the public without the author's permission. If you are not on a Virginia Tech campus, you can request a copy of the thesis or dissertation, but we will not be able to release it to you without the author's permission or without an official request from an Interlibrary Loan service. When you request a restricted item, we will attempt to locate the author to obtain permission to release the item, but many authors cannot be located. You can contact your own librarians for help using Interlibrary Loan.

If you are on a Virginia Tech campus but are unable to find the pre-1997 thesis or dissertation you are seeking in VTechWorks, you may be able to order a physical copy from library storage. Please check the library catalog at for physical copies.

If you are the author of a pre-1997 thesis or dissertation listed in VTechWorks, please consider granting us permission to make the full text of your work available to the public by contacting us at

The guidelines that apply to Virginia Tech's graduate students as ETD authors can be found at and the Graduate School.

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