DEVELOPING AND VALIDATING NEW BOLTED END-PLATE MOMENT CONNECTION CONFIGURATIONS
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This research has been aimed to introduce larger moment carrying connections for any type of buildings, in particular the metal building industry. A total of four connection configurations, namely eight-bolt extended four wide, eight-bolt extended stiffened, six bolt flush unstiffened and twelve bolt extended unstiffened, have been investigated. The last two configurations are proposed whereas the first two configurations have been tested before, but the design procedures need to be validated against the test results. Design procedures, namely yield line analysis and bolt force models, were proposed to calculate moment capacity for end-plate yielding, moment capacity at bolt rupture with prying action and moment capacity at bolt rupture without prying action. The calculated values from these procedures were compared with the values obtained from the experimental test data available (whether from the literature or from this testing program). The experimental data from already tested configurations, eight-bolt extended four wide and eight-bolt extended stiffened, was analyzed. It was concluded that for the eight-bolt extended four wide configuration, the experimental values matched with the calculated values. For the eight-bolt extended stiffened configuration reasonable match was found between the experimentally obtained data and theoretically calculated values only for shallower depths. Hence, it was concluded that two deeper tests need to be performed for this configuration. A full-scale testing program was conducted for ten specimens covering three configurations. The two new configurations (six bolt flush unstiffened and twelve bolt multiple row extended unstiffened) were designed for a shallow and deep beam depth and the behavior of each depth observed for a thin end-plate and a thick end-plate respectively (four tests for each configuration). Also, two deep beam tests, one each for thick and thin plate behavior, were done for the eight-bolt extended stiffened configuration. Based on the comparison, it was determined whether the predicted values were in reasonable agreement with the experimental values or not. The design procedures for both the new configurations appear to be validated for a range of design parameters. The calculated moment capacities for bolt rupture, based on the nominal material properties, were found to be safe when compared with the experimentally obtained moments. The calculations for end-plate yield moments was within ±10% of the experimental yield moment. Also, for the deep tests for eight-bolt extended stiffened the yield line analysis seems to be a valid model and the bolt force model appears to be safe in comparison to the experimental values.
- Masters Theses