3D Dynamic Stall Simulation of Flow over NACA0012 Airfoil at 105 and 106 Reynolds Numbers
Kasibhotla, Venkata ravishankar
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The work presented in this thesis attempts to provide an understanding of the physics behind the dynamic stall process by simulating the flow past pitching NACA-0012 airfoil at 100,000 and 1 million Reynolds number based on the chord length of the airfoil and at different reduced frequencies of 0.188 and 0.25 respectively in a three dimensional flow field. The mean angles of attack are 12 deg. and 15 deg. and the amplitudes of pitching are 6 deg. and 10 deg. respectively. The turbulence in the flow field is resolved using large eddy simulations with dynamic Smagorinsky model at the sub grid scale. The lift hysteresis plots of this simulation for both the configurations are compared with the corresponding experiments. The development of dynamic stall vortex, vortex shedding and reattachment as predicted by the present study are discussed in detail. There is a fairly good match between the predicted and experimentally measured lift coefficient during the upstroke for both cases. The net lift coefficient for the Re = 100,000 case during downstroke matches with the corresponding experimental data, the present study under-predicts the lift coefficient as compared to the experimental values at the start of downstroke and over-estimates for the remaining part of the downstroke. The trend of the lift coefficient hysteresis plot with the experimental data for the Re = 1 million case is also similar. This present simulations have shown that the downstroke phase of the pitching motion is strongly three dimensional and is highly complex, whereas the flow is practically two dimensional during the upstroke.
- Masters Theses