Cytokine and Growth Factor Concentrations in Canine Autologous Conditioned Serum
Sawyere, Dominique M.
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The object of this study was to compare growth factor and cytokine profiles in canine autologous conditioned serum (ACS) to canine plasma. Blood collected from 16 medium to large breed dogs was used to produce ACS (Orthokine® vet irap 10 syringes) and citrated plasma (control). Canine-specific ELISA assays were run per manufacturers’ instructions for interleukin (IL)-10, IL-4, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1, fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-2, transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1, IL-1β, and interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra). Serum, in addition to plasma and ACS, was collected from an additional 6 dogs for TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-1ra analysis (total of 22 dogs). Data were analyzed for differences in cytokine concentrations between ACS, plasma, and serum using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test with significance set at P<.05.There was a large variability in growth factor and cytokine concentrations between individual dogs in both plasma and ACS. There were no significant differences in IL-10, TNF-α, IGF-1, FGF-2, and TGF-β1 concentrations between ACS, plasma, or serum. ACS concentrations of IL-1β (median, range; 46.3 pg/mL, 0-828.8) and IL-4 (0.0 pg/mL, 0-244.1) were significantly increased compared to plasma (36.6 pg/mL, 0-657.1 and 0.0 pg/mL, 0-0, respectively). IL-1ra concentrations in ACS (median, range; 3458.9 pg/mL, 1,243.1-12,089.0) were significantly higher than plasma (692.3 pg/mL, 422.5- 1,475.6), as was the IL-1ra:IL-1β ratio (39.9 and 7.2, respectively).
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