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dc.contributor.authorSawyere, Dominique M.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2016-05-28T08:00:47Z
dc.date.available2016-05-28T08:00:47Z
dc.date.issued2016-05-27en_US
dc.identifier.othervt_gsexam:7787en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/71293
dc.description.abstractThe object of this study was to compare growth factor and cytokine profiles in canine autologous conditioned serum (ACS) to canine plasma. Blood collected from 16 medium to large breed dogs was used to produce ACS (Orthokine® vet irap 10 syringes) and citrated plasma (control). Canine-specific ELISA assays were run per manufacturers’ instructions for interleukin (IL)-10, IL-4, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1, fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-2, transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1, IL-1β, and interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra). Serum, in addition to plasma and ACS, was collected from an additional 6 dogs for TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-1ra analysis (total of 22 dogs). Data were analyzed for differences in cytokine concentrations between ACS, plasma, and serum using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test with significance set at P<.05.There was a large variability in growth factor and cytokine concentrations between individual dogs in both plasma and ACS. There were no significant differences in IL-10, TNF-α, IGF-1, FGF-2, and TGF-β1 concentrations between ACS, plasma, or serum. ACS concentrations of IL-1β (median, range; 46.3 pg/mL, 0-828.8) and IL-4 (0.0 pg/mL, 0-244.1) were significantly increased compared to plasma (36.6 pg/mL, 0-657.1 and 0.0 pg/mL, 0-0, respectively). IL-1ra concentrations in ACS (median, range; 3458.9 pg/mL, 1,243.1-12,089.0) were significantly higher than plasma (692.3 pg/mL, 422.5- 1,475.6), as was the IL-1ra:IL-1β ratio (39.9 and 7.2, respectively).en_US
dc.format.mediumETDen_US
dc.publisherVirginia Techen_US
dc.rightsThis Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. Some uses of this Item may be deemed fair and permitted by law even without permission from the rights holder(s), or the rights holder(s) may have licensed the work for use under certain conditions. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights holder(s).en_US
dc.subjectautologous conditioned serumen_US
dc.subjectosteoarthritisen_US
dc.subjectcanineen_US
dc.titleCytokine and Growth Factor Concentrations in Canine Autologous Conditioned Serumen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.contributor.departmentVeterinary Medicineen_US
dc.description.degreeMaster of Scienceen_US
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Scienceen_US
thesis.degree.levelmastersen_US
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineBiomedical and Veterinary Sciencesen_US
dc.contributor.committeechairLanz, Otto I.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberBarry, Sabrina L.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberDahlgren, Linda A.en_US


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