Generation of Downstream Vorticity Through the Use of Modified Trailing Edge Configurations
Worrall, Benjamin Nida
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Detailed measurements were taken downstream of several modified trailing edge configurations designed to impart streamwise velocity into the flow behind a cascade of GE Rotor B fan blades. These measurements were conducted in the Virginia Tech Low Speed Linear Cascade wind tunnel. The trailing edge configurations tested utilized passive techniques for producing streamwise vorticity, which in turn causes downstream wake diffusion and increased mixing. A more diffuse wake, when it impinges on the downstream stator, will produce lower noise levels as a result of this rotor-stator interaction. Furthermore, increased mixing in the flow will reduce the levels of turbulence kinetic energy observed downstream of the blade trailing edge. Thus, this project seeks to identify which passive techniques of imparting streamwise vorticity are most effective at improving the flow characteristics responsible for some of the noise production in modern jet aircraft. The three trailing edge configurations tested in detail for this project showed significant ability to widen and stretch the downstream wake by utilizing vorticity generation techniques. The TE-8 configuration was the most effective at increasing the wake width downstream of the trailing edge. Additionally, each configuration was able to successfully reduce some of the turbulence kinetic energy levels observed downstream when compared to the baseline blade, the most effective configuration being TE-8. Finally, the momentum thickness of each configuration was measured. When compared to the baseline, the TE-1 configuration showed an increased momentum thickness, TE-8 showed little change, and TE-7 actually showed an improved momentum thickness value.
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