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dc.contributor.authorConran, Charles Arthuren
dc.date.accessioned2017-06-21T08:01:27Zen
dc.date.available2017-06-21T08:01:27Zen
dc.date.issued2017-06-20en
dc.identifier.othervt_gsexam:11851en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/78234en
dc.description.abstractVariable speed limits (VSL) are dynamic traffic management systems designed to increase the efficiency and safety of highways. While the macroscopic performance of VSL systems is well explored in the existing literature, there is a need to further understand the microscopic behavior of vehicles driving in VSL zones. Specifically, driver compliance to advisory VSL systems is quantified based on a driving-simulation experiment and introduced into a broader microscopic behavior model. Statistical analysis indicates that VSL compliance can be predicted based upon several VSL design parameters. The developed two-state microscopic model is calibrated to driving-simulation trajectory data. A calibrated VSL microscopic model can be utilized for new VSL control and macroscopic performance studies, adding an increased dimension of realism to simulation work. As an example, the microscopic model is implemented within VISSIM (overriding the default car-following model) and utilized for a safety-mobility performance assessment of an incident-responsive VSL control algorithm implemented in a MATLAB COM interface. Examination of the multi-objective optimization frontier reveals an inverse relationship between safety and mobility under different control algorithm parameters. Engineers are thus faced with a decision between performing multi-objective optimization and selecting a dominant VSL control objective (e.g. maximizing safety versus mobility performance).en
dc.format.mediumETDen
dc.publisherVirginia Techen
dc.rightsIn Copyrighten
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/en
dc.subjectMicroscopic Driving Behavioren
dc.subjectVariable Speed Limitsen
dc.subjectTraffic Simulationen
dc.titleModeling Microscopic Driver Behavior under Variable Speed Limits: A Driving Simulator and Integrated MATLAB-VISSIM Studyen
dc.typeThesisen
dc.contributor.departmentCivil and Environmental Engineeringen
dc.description.degreeMaster of Scienceen
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Scienceen
thesis.degree.levelmastersen
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen
thesis.degree.disciplineCivil Engineeringen
dc.contributor.committeechairAbbas, Montasir M.en
dc.contributor.committeememberHotle, Susanen
dc.contributor.committeememberRakha, Hesham A.en


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