A High-efficiency Isolated Hybrid Series Resonant Microconverter for Photovoltaic Applications
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Solar energy as one type of the renewable energy becomes more and more popular which has led to increase the photovoltaic (PV) installations recently. One of the PV installations is the power conditioning system which is to convert the maximum available power output of the PV modules to the utility grid. Single-phase microinverters are commonly used to integrate the power to utility grid in modular power conditioning system. In the two-stage microinverter, each PV module is connected with a power converter which can transfer higher output power due to the tracking maximum power point (MPP) capability. However, it also has the disadvantages of lower power conversion efficiency due to the increased number of power electronics converters. The primary objective of this thesis is to develop a high-efficiency microconverter to increase the output power capability of the modular power conditioning systems. A topology with hybrid modes of operation are proposed to achieve wide-input regulation while achieving high efficiency. Two operating modes are introduced in details. Under high-input conditions, the converter acts like a buck converter, whereas the converter behaves as a boost converter under low-input conditions. The converter operates as the series resonant converter with normal-input voltage to achieve the highest efficiency. With this topology, the converter can achieve zero-voltage switching (ZVS) and/or zero-current switching (ZCS) of the primary side MOSFETs, ZCS and/or ZVS of the secondary side MOSFETs and ZCS of output diodes under all operational conditions. The experimental results based on a 300 W prototype are given with 98.1% of peak power stage efficiency and 97.6% of weighted California Energy Commission (CEC) efficiency including all auxiliary and control power under the normal-input voltage condition.
- Masters Theses