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dc.contributor.authorWojculewski, Christy Annen_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-10-18T04:18:14Z
dc.date.available2017-10-18T04:18:14Z
dc.date.issued2006-05-12en_US
dc.identifier.otheretd-06022006-140235en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/79686
dc.description.abstractSeston is the complex of organic and inorganic particles suspended in the water column in stream ecosystems. This detrital pool is a significant vector of energy and nutrients from headwaters to the ocean. Many of the processes involved in seston generation in streams involve the terrestrial ecosystems they drain. My objective was to determine how land use influences seston quality. Seston was collected from 9 streams along a gradient of catchment forest cover, draining 3 land-use categories: forested, agricultural, and residential. Quality variations were determined through the physical composition (size classes and concentration), chemical composition (carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorous) and organic content of seston, as well as microbial respiration of associated assemblages and growth rates of Chironomus tentans fed seston. There was more seston in streams draining less forested catchments but proportionally that material was less organic. Ultrafine particles dominated seston size classes at all sites and was higher in streams with less catchment forest cover. Phosphorous content of seston, as a % of ash free dry mass, and dissolved P in the water were higher in more disturbed streams, and C:N and N:P ratios of seston were higher in forested streams. Microbial respiration and instantaneous growth rates of C. tentans were highest on residential seston, indicating seston from those streams was more bioavailable. These results indicate that the quality of seston in stream ecosystems is linked to terrestrial processes and influenced by land use.
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherVirginia Tech
dc.rightsI hereby certify that, if appropriate, I have obtained and attached hereto a written permission statement from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis, dissertation, or project report, allowing distribution as specified below. I certify that the version I submitted is the same as that approved by my advisory committee. I hereby grant to Virginia Tech or its agents the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible, under the conditions specified below, my thesis, dissertation, or project report in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis, dissertation or project report. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis, dissertation, or project report.
dc.subjectland cover
dc.subjectstream
dc.subjectseston
dc.subjectdisturbance
dc.subjectChironomus tentans
dc.subjectinstantaneous growth rates
dc.subjectratios
dc.subjectstoichiometry
dc.subjectland use
dc.subjectFPOM
dc.subjectmicrobial respiration
dc.titleThe influence of land use on the quality of seston in southern Appalachian stream ecosystemsen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.contributor.departmentBiologyen_US
dc.description.degreeMaster of Scienceen_US
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Scienceen_US
thesis.degree.levelmastersen_US
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineBiologyen_US
dc.contributor.committeechairWebster, Jackson R.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberValett, H. Mauriceen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberZipper, Carl E.en_US
dc.type.dcmitypeText
dc.identifier.sourceurlhttp://scholar.lib.vt.edu/theses/available/etd-06022006-140235/en_US
dc.date.sdate2006-06-02en_US
dc.date.rdate2014-07-14
dc.date.adate2006-07-11en_US


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