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dc.contributor.authorPulumati, Vijaykanthen_US
dc.date.accessioned2018-05-24T08:00:34Z
dc.date.available2018-05-24T08:00:34Z
dc.date.issued2018-05-23en_US
dc.identifier.othervt_gsexam:15748en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/83383
dc.description.abstractThe inverted T-beam system provides an accelerated bridge construction alternative. The system consists of adjacent precast inverted T-beams finished with a cast-in-place concrete topping. The system offers enhanced performance against reflective cracking and reduces the likelihood of cracking due to time dependent effects. Differential shrinkage is believed to be one of the causes of deck cracking in inverted T-beam systems. The objective of this study was to develop mix designs that exhibit lower shrinkage and higher creep compared to typical deck mixtures, recommend a prescriptive mix design and a performance criterion to VDOT that can be further investigated and used in the inverted T-beam system to combat effects of differential shrinkage. Ten different mix designs using different strategies to reduce shrinkage were tested for their compressive strength, splitting tensile strength, modulus of elasticity and unrestrained shrinkage. The four best performing mixes were selected for further study of their time dependent properties. The test data was compared against the data from various prediction models to determine the model that closely predicts the measured data. It was observed that ACI 209.2R-08 model best predicted the time dependent properties for the four mixes tested in this project. Tensile stresses in the composite cross-section of deck and girder, created due to difference in shrinkage and creep are quantified using an age adjusted effective modulus method. In this analysis, it was observed that mixes with normal weight coarse aggregate (NWCA) developed smaller stresses compared to those of mixes with lightweight coarse aggregate (LWCA). Mixes with fly ash as supplementary cementitious material (SCM) developed smaller stresses at the bottom of deck when compared to mixes with slag as the SCM.en_US
dc.format.mediumETDen_US
dc.publisherVirginia Techen_US
dc.rightsThis item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. Some uses of this item may be deemed fair and permitted by law even without permission from the rights holder(s), or the rights holder(s) may have licensed the work for use under certain conditions. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights holder(s).en_US
dc.subjectDifferentialShrinkageen_US
dc.subjectCreepen_US
dc.subjectConcreteBridgedecken_US
dc.subjectReflectivecrackingen_US
dc.titleInvestigation of Concrete Mixtures to Reduce Differential Shrinkage Cracking in Inverted T Beam Systemen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.contributor.departmentCivil and Environmental Engineeringen_US
dc.description.degreeMaster of Scienceen_US
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Scienceen_US
thesis.degree.levelmastersen_US
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineCivil Engineeringen_US
dc.contributor.committeechairRoberts-Wollmann, Carin L.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberMokarem, David Wayneen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberLeon, Roberto T.en_US


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