Heat Flux Measurements from a Human Forearm under Natural Convection and Isothermal Jets
Ajith N P Shenoy, Shyam Krishna Shenoy
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This work is an experimental study on heat transfer from a human arm and a model cylinder. Heat transfer from a human forearm to a large jet, representative of a building HVAC vent/outlet was studied using both an IR camera and a heat flux sensor. The isothermal jet was discharged horizontally from a wind tunnel, at the same temperature as the ambient air. The model cylinder was used to validate the heat transfer results with results from previous studies, using both the IR camera and heat flux sensors. Further, a study on heat transfer to impingement jets from a human forearm at various Reynolds numbers (Re = 9500-41000) and impinging distances of four and eight jet diameters was done. Heat transfer from a human arm to such impingement jets were then compared with heat transfer due to natural convection under both open and controlled environments. A significant increase in convection heat transfer with Reynolds number and distance from the jet outlet was observed. A nearly four-fold increase in convection heat transfer coefficient was obtained when a jet with Reynolds number of 9500 was impinged on a human arm when compared to that obtained under natural convection in an open environment. Empirical correlations for predicting the stagnation and average Nusselt number from a human arm were also developed with high values of correlation coefficients for future studies. Impingement jets were found to be an effective means to transfer heat from human bodies and could potentially be used for creating thermally conditioned microenvironments.
- Masters Theses