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Parallelizing Trusted Execution Environments for Multicore Hard Real-Time Systems
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Real-Time systems are defined not only by their logical correctness but also timeliness. Modern real-time systems, such as those controlling industrial plants or the flight controller on UAVs, are no longer isolated. The same computing resources are shared with a variety of other systems and software. Further, these systems are increasingly being connected and made available over the internet with the rise of Internet of Things and the need for automation. Many real-time systems contain sensitive code and data, which not only need to be kept confidential but also need protection against unauthorized access and modification. With the cheap availability of hardware supported Trusted Execution Environments (TEE) in modern day microprocessors, securing sensitive information has become easier and more robust. However, when applied to real-time systems, the overheads of using TEEs make scheduling untenable. However, this issue can be mitigated by judiciously utilizing TEEs and capturing TEE operation peculiarities to create better scheduling policies. This thesis provides a new task model and scheduling approach, Split-TEE task model and a scheduling approach ST-EDF. It also presents simulation results for 2 previously proposed approaches to scheduling TEEs, T-EDF and CT-RM.
General Audience Abstract
Real-Time systems are computing systems that not only maintain the traditional purpose of any computer, i.e, to be logically correct, but also timeliness, i.e, guaranteeing an output in a given amount of time. While, traditionally, real-time systems were isolated to reduce interference which could affect the timeliness, modern real-time systems are being increasingly connected to the internet. Many real-time systems, especially those used for critical applications like industrial control or military equipment, contain sensitive code or data that must not be divulged to a third party or open to modification. In such cases, it is necessary to use methods to safeguard this information, regardless of the extra processing time/resource consumption (overheads) that it may add to the system. Modern hardware support Trusted Execution Environments (TEEs), a cheap, easy and robust mechanism to secure arbitrary pieces of code and data. To effectively use TEEs in a real-time system, the scheduling policy which decides which task to run at a given time instant, must be made aware of TEEs and must be modified to take as much advantage of TEE execution while mitigating the effect of its overheads on the timeliness guarantees of the system. This thesis presents an approach to schedule TEE augmented code and simulation results of two previously proposed approaches.
- Masters Theses