SPES was formed in 2017 from three departments: Crop and Soil Environmental Sciences; Horticulture; and Plant Pathology, Physiology, and Weed Science.

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Recent Submissions

  • Science questions and knowledge gaps to study microbial transport and survival in Asian and African dust plumes reaching North America 

    Schuerger, Andrew C.; Smith, David J.; Griffin, Dale W.; Jaffe, Daniel A.; Wawrik, Boris; Burrows, Susannah M.; Christner, Brent C.; Gonzalez-Martin, Cristina; Lipp, Erin K.; Schmale, David G., III; Yu, Hongbin (2018-12)
    The Sahara in North Africa and the Gobi and Taklamakan deserts in Asia are the primary sources of mobilized dust in the atmosphere, with regional or global airborne transport estimated at 2 to 5 billion tonnes per year. ...
  • Salt Stress Signals on Demand: Cellular Events in the Right Context 

    Ismail, Ahmed; El-Sharkawy, Islam; Sherif, Sherif (MDPI, 2020-05-30)
    Plant stress is a real dilemma; it puzzles plant biologists and is a global problem that negatively affects people’s daily lives. Of particular interest is salinity, because it represents one of the major water-related ...
  • Changes in belowground biodiversity during ecosystem development 

    Delgado-Baquerizo, Manuel; Bardgett, Richard D.; Vitousek, Peter M.; Maestre, Fernando T.; Williams, Mark A.; Eldridge, David J.; Lambers, Hans; Neuhauser, Sigrid; Gallardo, Antonio; Garcia-Velazquez, Laura; Sala, Osvaldo E.; Abades, Sebastian R.; Alfaro, Fernando D.; Berhe, Asmeret A.; Bowker, Matthew A.; Currier, Courtney M.; Cutler, Nick A.; Hart, Stephen C.; Hayes, Patrick E.; Hseu, Zeng-Yei; Kirchmair, Martin; Pena-Ramirez, Victor M.; Perez, Cecilia A.; Reed, Sasha C.; Santos, Fernanda; Siebe, Christina; Sullivan, Benjamin W.; Weber-Grullon, Luis; Fierer, Noah (2019-04-02)
    Belowground organisms play critical roles in maintaining multiple ecosystem processes, including plant productivity, decomposition, and nutrient cycling. Despite their importance, however, we have a limited understanding ...
  • Species traits predict stream-fish invaders in an Appalachian (USA) river basin 

    Buckwalter, Joseph D.; Frimpong, Emmanuel A.; Angermeier, Paul L.; Barney, Jacob (2020-03)
    We compared the influence of biological traits (morphology, physiology, reproduction, and life history), ecological traits (geographic distribution, habitat associations, food habits), and introduction attributes (propagule ...
  • SPES E-News, May 1, 2020 

    Unknown author (Virginia Tech. School of Plant and Environmental Sciences, 2020-05-01)
    This is the newsletter for the School of Plant and Environmental Sciences.
  • SPES E-News, March 16, 2020 

    Unknown author (Virginia Tech. School of Plant and Environmental Sciences, 2020-03-16)
    This is the newsletter for the School of Plant and Environmental Sciences.
  • SPES E-News, April 16, 2020 

    Unknown author (Virginia Tech. School of Plant and Environmental Sciences, 2020-04-16)
    This is the newsletter for the School of Plant and Environmental Sciences.
  • Multiple elements of soil biodiversity drive ecosystem functions across biomes 

    Delgado-Baquerizo, Manuel; Reich, Peter B.; Trivedi, Chanda; Eldridge, David J.; Abades, Sebastian; Alfaro, Fernando D.; Bastida, Felipe; Berhe, Asmeret A.; Cutler, Nick A.; Gallardo, Antonio; Garcia-Velazquez, Laura; Hart, Stephen C.; Hayes, Patrick E.; He, Ji-Zheng; Hseu, Zeng-Yei; Hu, Hang-Wei; Kirchmair, Martin; Neuhauser, Sigrid; Perez, Cecilia A.; Reed, Sasha C.; Santos, Fernanda; Sullivan, Benjamin W.; Trivedi, Pankaj; Wang, Jun-Tao; Weber-Grullon, Luis; Williams, Mark A.; Singh, Brajesh K. (2020-02)
    The role of soil biodiversity in regulating multiple ecosystem functions is poorly understood, limiting our ability to predict how soil biodiversity loss might affect human wellbeing and ecosystem sustainability. Here, ...
  • Expression of pathogenicity and virulence related genes in Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae under copper stress 

    Vasebi, Yalda; Khakvar, Reza; Faghihi, Mohammad Mehdi; Vinatzer, Boris A. (2020-01)
    Stone fruit bacterial canker is one of the most destructive diseases of apricot in Iran. Copper-based compounds are widely used to protect plants against bacterial diseases, but pathogens frequently evolve resistance against ...
  • A database for global soil health assessment 

    Jian, Jinshi; Du, Xuan; Stewart, Ryan D. (2020-01-13)
    Field studies have been performed for decades to analyze effects of different management practices on agricultural soils and crop yields, but these data have never been combined together in a way that can inform current ...
  • How feasible are global forest restoration commitments? 

    Fagan, Matthew E.; Reid, J. Leighton; Holland, Margaret B.; Drew, Justin G.; Zahawi, Rakan A. (2020-01-16)
    Numerous countries have made voluntary commitments to conduct forest landscape restoration over millions of hectares of degraded land in the coming decade. We consider the relative likelihood these countries will achieve ...
  • Dolomite and Micronutrient Fertilizer Affect Phosphorus Fate When Growing Crape Myrtle in Pine Bark 

    Shreckhise, Jacob H.; Owen, James S., Jr.; Eick, Matthew J.; Niemiera, Alexander X.; Altland, James E.; Jackson, Brian E. (American Society for Horticultural Science, 2020-05-07)
    Soilless substrates are routinely amended with dolomite and sulfate-based micronutrients to improve fertility, but the effect of these amendments on phosphorous (P) in substrate pore-water during containerized crop production ...
  • Retinoic Acid Exerts Disease Stage-Dependent Effects on Pristane-Induced Lupus 

    Abdelhamid, Leila; Cabana-Puig, Xavier; Swartwout, Brianna; Lee, Jiyoung; Li, Song; Sun, Sha; Li, Yaqi; Ross, A. Catharine; Cecere, Thomas E.; LeRoith, Tanya; Werre, Stephen R.; Wang, Haifeng; Reilly, Christopher M.; Luo, Xin M. (2020-03-20)
    We previously showed that all-trans-retinoic acid (tRA), an active metabolite of vitamin A, exacerbated pre-existing autoimmunity in lupus; however, its effects before the development of autoimmunity are unknown. Here, ...
  • Characterizing glucose, illumination, and nitrogen-deprivation phenotypes of Synechocystis PCC6803 with Raman spectroscopy 

    Tanniche, Imen; Collalcova, Eva; Denbow, Cynthia; Senger, Ryan S. (2020-03-30)
    Background. Synechocystis sp. PCC6803 is a model cyanobacterium that has been studied widely and is considered for metabolic engineering applications. Here, Raman spectroscopy and Raman chemometrics (Rametrix (TM)) were ...
  • Characterizing metabolic stress-induced phenotypes of Synechocystis PCC6803 with Raman spectroscopy 

    Tanniche, Imen; Collakova, Eva; Denbow, Cynthia; Senger, Ryan S. (2020-03-30)
    Background. During their long evolution, Synechocystis sp. PCC6803 developed a remarkable capacity to acclimate to diverse environmental conditions. In this study, Raman spectroscopy and Raman chemometrics tools (Rametrix ...
  • Convergence of microclimate in residential landscapes across diverse cities in the United States 

    Hall, Sharon J.; Learned, J.; Ruddell, B.; Larson, K. L.; Cavender-Bares, J.; Bettez, N.; Groffman, P. M.; Grove, J. M.; Heffernan, J. B.; Hobbie, S. E.; Morse, J. L.; Neill, C.; Nelson, K. C.; O'Neil-Dunne, J. P. M.; Ogden, L.; Pataki, D. E.; Pearse, W. D.; Polsky, C.; Chowdhury, R. Roy; Steele, Meredith K.; Trammell, T. L. E. (2016-01)
    The urban heat island (UHI) is a well-documented pattern of warming in cities relative to rural areas. Most UHI research utilizes remote sensing methods at large scales, or climate sensors in single cities surrounded by ...
  • Registration of 'LCS Wizard' Wheat 

    Liu, L.; Barnett, M. D.; Griffey, C. A.; Malla, S.; Brooks, W. S.; Seago, J. E.; Butler, H.; Thomason, W. E.; Rucker, E. G.; Behl, H. D.; Pitman, R. M.; Dunaway, D. W.; Vaughn, M. E.; Custis, J. T.; Seabourn, B.; Chen, R.; Fountain, M.; Marshall, D.; Graybosch, R. A.; Divis, L. A.; Hansen, L. E.; Cowger, C.; Cambron, S.; Jin, Y.; Beahm, B. R.; Hardiman, T. H.; Lin, C. J.; Mennel, D. F.; Mennel, D. L. (2016-01)
    The objective of this research was to develop widely adapted hard winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) varieties to meet the needs of mills, bakeries, and consumers in the eastern and Great Plains regions of the United ...
  • Injecting Poultry Litter into Orchardgrass Hay 

    Kulesza, Stephanie B.; Maguire, Rory O.; Thomason, Wade E.; Pote, Dan H. (2016)
    Traditional surface application of poultry litter leaves nutrients vulnerable to loss through volatilization and runoff. However, injection can increase capture of these nutrients in agricultural fields. Therefore, a field ...
  • Ecosystem services in managing residential landscapes: priorities, value dimensions, and cross-regional patterns 

    Larson, K. L.; Nelson, K. C.; Samples, S. R.; Hall, S. J.; Bettez, N.; Cavender-Bares, J.; Groffman, P. M.; Grove, M.; Heffernan, J. B.; Hobbie, S. E.; Learned, J.; Morse, J. L.; Neill, C.; Ogden, L. A.; O'Neil-Dunne, J.; Pataki, D. E.; Polsky, C.; Chowdhury, R. Roy; Steele, Meredith K.; Trammell, T. L. E. (2016-03)
    Although ecosystem services have been intensively examined in certain domains (e.g., forests and wetlands), little research has assessed ecosystem services for the most dominant landscape type in urban ecosystems-namely, ...
  • Enhanced resistance in Theobroma cacao against oomycete and fungal pathogens by secretion of phosphatidylinositol-3-phosphate-binding proteins 

    Helliwell, Emily E.; Vega-Arreguin, Julio; Shi, Zi; Bailey, Bryan; Xiao, Shunyuan; Maximova, Siela N.; Tyler, Brett M.; Guiltinan, Mark J. (2016-03)
    The internalization of some oomycete and fungal pathogen effectors into host plant cells has been reported to be blocked by proteins that bind to the effectors' cell entry receptor, phosphatidylinositol-3-phosphate (PI3P). ...

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