Porcine urinary bladder matrix in an in vitro equine model of tenogenesis
Khatibzadeh, Sarah M.
MetadataShow full item record
Extracellular matrix (ECM) is responsible for tendon strength and elasticity. Healed tendon ECM lacks structural integrity, leading to reinjury. Porcine urinary bladder matrix (UBM) provides a scaffold and source of bioactive proteins to improve tissue healing, but has received limited attention for treating tendon injuries. The objective of this study was to evaluate the ability of UBM to induce matrix organization and tenogenesis using a novel in vitro model. We hypothesized that addition of UBM to tendon ECM hydrogels would improve matrix organization and cell differentiation. Hydrogels seeded with bone marrow cells (n = 6 adult horses) were cast using rat tail tendon ECM ± UBM, fixed under static tension and harvested at 7 and 21 days for construct contraction, cell viability, histology, biochemistry, and gene expression. By day 7, UBM constructs contracted significantly from baseline, whereas control constructs did not. Both control and UBM constructs contracted significantly by day 21. In both groups, cells remained viable over time and changed from round and randomly oriented to elongated along lines of tension with visible compaction of the ECM. There were no differences over time or between treatments for nuclear aspect ratio, DNA, or glycosaminoglycan content. Decorin, matrix metalloproteinase 13, and scleraxis expression increased significantly over time, but not in response to UBM treatment. Mohawk expression was constant over time. Cartilage oligomeric matrix protein expression decreased over time in both groups. Using a novel ECM hydrogel model, substantial matrix organization and cell differentiation occurred; however, the addition of UBM failed to induce greater matrix organization than tendon ECM alone.
- Masters Theses