Energy Harvesting Circuit for Indoor Light based on the FOCV Method with an Adaptive Fraction Approach
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The proposed energy harvesting circuit system is designed for indoor solar environment especially for factories where the light energy is abundant and stable. The designed circuits are intended to power wireless sensor nodes (WSNs) or other computing unit such as microcontrollers or DSPs to provide a power solution for Internet of Things (IoTs). The proposed circuit can extract maximum power from the PV panel by utilizing the maximum power point tracking (MPPT) technique. The power stage is a synchronous dual-input dual-output non-inverting buck-boost converter operating in discontinuous conduction mode (DCM) and constant on-time pulse skipping modulation (COT-PSM) to achieve voltage regulation and maximum power delivery to the load. Battery is used as secondary input also as secondary output to achieve a longer lifecycle, a fast load response time and support higher load conditions. The proposed MPPT technique doesn't require any current sensor or computing units. Fully digitalized simple circuits are used to achieve sampling, store, and comparing tasks to save power. The whole circuits including power stage and control circuits are designed and will fabricate in TSMC BCDMOS 180 nm process. The circuits are verified through schematic level simulations and post-layout simulations. The results are validated to prove the proposed circuit and control scheme work in a manner.
- Masters Theses