Application of Ductile Yield Link in Glulam Moment Connections

dc.contributor.authorAlmousawi, Sayed Husainen
dc.contributor.committeechairEatherton, Matthew R.en
dc.contributor.committeememberHindman, Daniel P.en
dc.contributor.committeememberHebdon, Matthew H.en
dc.contributor.departmentCivil and Environmental Engineeringen
dc.date.accessioned2018-08-17T16:17:12Zen
dc.date.available2018-08-17T16:17:12Zen
dc.date.issued2018-08-17en
dc.description.abstractWood beam-column connections have traditionally been designed as simple shear connections, ignoring their potential moment capacity. A major reason for not utilizing such moment connections is linked to the brittle limit states that wood components exhibit. The purpose of this research was to develop and test a ductile and high-strength wood moment frame connection. A design procedure for such a connection is presented herein. The proposed glulam beam-column connection utilizes an embedded steel knife plate with a reduced section that acts as a ductile yield link, thus limiting the moment that can be transferred through the connection. This configuration is intended to fail through yielding of the ductile link, thus preventing non-ductile failure mechanisms of wood from occurring. In addition, the connection provides more wood cover over the embedded steel plate, which potentially may increase the connection's fire rating as compared to typical connections. Two specimens, based on a baseline connection developed using the design procedure presented, were monotonically loaded until failure. Unlike the first specimen, the second was reinforced in the perpendicular-to-grain direction using self-tapping screws. Failure mechanisms were analyzed, and performance characteristics related to the connection's strength, stiffness, and ductility were evaluated. Results indicated that the reinforced specimen exhibited higher strength, stiffness, and ductility compared to the unreinforced specimen. The reinforced specimen showed improvements of 9.49% and 42.2% in yielding and ultimate moment, respectively, compared to the unreinforced specimen. Moreover, an improvement of 31.3% in ductility was obtained using perpendicular-to-grain reinforcement.en
dc.description.abstractgeneralDue to the variability of wood properties and its brittle behavior, the joints of wood buildings have traditionally been designed to resist gravity loads only. These types of loads result in predictable behavior of structural wood members at the joints, which helps in simplifying the design process. However, when wood structures are subjected to lateral loads, such as earthquake and wind loads, their joints are likely to fail abruptly as the building sways, resulting in sudden, unpredictable collapse. The purpose of this research was to develop and test a high-strength wood structural joint that can fail gradually and predictably. A design procedure for such a joint is presented herein. The proposed glue-laminated wood joint utilizes an embedded steel plate with a reduced section that acts as a ductile link. This configuration is intended to fail through gradual deformation of the ductile link, thus preventing brittle wood failure at the joint. In addition, this joint provides more wood cover over the embedded steel plate, which potentially may increase the fire resistance of the joint compared to typical configurations. Two specimens, based on a baseline joint developed using the design procedure presented, were subjected to slowly-increasing loads until failure. Unlike the first specimen, the second specimen was reinforced in the direction perpendicular to wood grain using long screws to prevent separation of wood layers. Failure mechanisms were analyzed, and the performance characteristics of the two specimens were evaluated and compared. Results indicated that the reinforced specimen exhibited higher strength and improved ductility at failure.en
dc.description.degreeMaster of Scienceen
dc.format.mediumETDen
dc.identifier.othervt_gsexam:16671en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/84849en
dc.publisherVirginia Techen
dc.rightsIn Copyrighten
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/en
dc.subjectGlulam Moment Connectionen
dc.subjectYield Linken
dc.subjectDuctilityen
dc.subjectStiffnessen
dc.titleApplication of Ductile Yield Link in Glulam Moment Connectionsen
dc.typeThesisen
thesis.degree.disciplineCivil Engineeringen
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen
thesis.degree.levelmastersen
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Scienceen
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