An analysis of the nutrient intake of selected infants in southwest Virginia
Data were analyzed that had been collected for a project entitled "Identification of Infants at Risk for the Development of Obesity" by the staff of the Human Nutrition and Foods, and Family and Child Development Departments at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.
There were 156 subjects contacted to participate in the study. Demographic variables were collected and reported on each infant. Dietary Data were collected through means of a 24-hour dietary recall, bimonthly for 1 year. The data were analyzed using the Computer Assisted Instructional Program RCALL (Va. Coop. Exten. Ser., 1975). Vitamins A and C, riboflavin, niacin and iron were analyzed further to obtain bivariate joint frequency distributions and chi-squares.
It was found that regardless of whether or not there was nutrient supplementation of an infant's diet, there were often excesses in nutrient intake. It was also found that breast fed infants (in the first 5 to 7 months of life) were supplemented significantly more often than formula fed infants but groups were not mutually exclusive throughout the study and further data could not be obtained so the effect of supplementation was not examined.
Implications and recommendations for heal th education in the area of pediatric nutrition are discussed. Recommendations for further study are made based on this study.