Investigation of Injectant Molecular Weight and Shock Impingement Effects on Transverse Injection Mixing in Supersonic Flow

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Virginia Tech

This study examines the effect of varying injectant molecular weight on the penetration of transverse injection jets into a supersonic crossflow. The injectants considered here are methane (W=16.04), air (W=28.97) and carbon dioxide, (W=44.01). These results augment the previous results obtained at Virginia Tech for helium (W=4.00) injection under the same test conditions to provide a very wide range of molecular weights. Second, since shocks are ubiquitous in scramjet combustors, their influence on penetration and mixing was also studied by arranging for an oblique shock to impinge near the injection station. The cases of a shock impinging upstream and downstream of the injector were both examined. One can anticipate an important influence of molecular weight here also because of the importance of density gradients on the generation of vorticity by baroclinic torque. Increasing molecular weight was found to increase penetration in general, as well as increase the lateral spreading of the plume. The majority of the data shows a weak dependency of the jet size on molecular weight, but there are indications that under certain circumstances large changes in the flow structure may occur due to molecular weight effects. The addition of an impinging shock is found to increase mixing and decrease penetration and plume size, especially with the shock impinging downstream of the injector.

molecular weight, mixing, injection, scramjet