Increasing the Heat Transfer on a Grooved Surface Under Dry and Wet Conditions by Using of Jet Impingement  

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Virginia Tech

An approach to hybrid cooling technique is proposed using air jets which impinge on a triangular grooved surface with dry grooves and grooves containing water. One major application is for condensers of thermoelectric power plants. The heat and mass transfer analogy were successfully used to evaluate the simultaneous heat and mass transfer. Results showed that hybrid jet impingement produced high heat flux levels at low jet velocities and flow rates. Experimental results were used to characterize the resulting heat transfer under different conditions such as flow open area percentage, array orifices diameter and array to surface stand-off distance. The results have shown that jet impingement is capable of delivering high transfer rates with lower cooling cost rates compared to current industry conventional techniques. Water is efficiently used in hybrid jet impingement because evaporative energy is absorbed directly from the surface instead of cooling air to near wet-bulb temperature.

Array Jet Impingement Cooling, Power Plant, Air-Cooled Condensers, Jet Impingement, Discharge Coefficient, Coefficient of Performance, Grooved Surface, Cooling Towers, Hybrid Cooling, Water Consumption.