A study of the sequential effects of prediction outcome on choice reaction time

dc.contributor.authorWhitman, Charles Philipen
dc.contributor.departmentPsychologyen
dc.date.accessioned2014-03-14T21:45:40Zen
dc.date.adate2009-09-09en
dc.date.available2014-03-14T21:45:40Zen
dc.date.issued1973en
dc.date.rdate2009-09-09en
dc.date.sdate2009-09-09en
dc.description.abstractChange in prediction confidence was studied as a determinant of the sequential effects of prediction outcome (PO) in a two-stimulus, two-response reaction time task. In a between-groups experiment, the RTs of "consonant" Ss, whose average confidence in a stimulus prediction increased following correct POs and decreased following incorrect POs, were reliably influenced by preceding PO. In contrast, "dissonant" Ss, whose average confidence decreased following correct POs and increased following incorrect POs, exhibited no reliable effect of preceding PO on RT. Analogous results were obtained in a within-Ss experiment when each trial was categorized according to the relationship between preceding PO and Ss statements of having "more" or “less" prediction confidence than on the previous trial. “Consonant” trials, on which Ss indicated “more" confidence following correct POs and "less" following incorrect POs evidenced a significantly greater preceding PO effect on RT than did "dissonant" trials. The results partially support a continuous expectancy model of the sequential effects of PO on choice RT.en
dc.description.degreeMaster of Scienceen
dc.format.extent235 leavesen
dc.format.mediumBTDen
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen
dc.identifier.otheretd-09092009-040225en
dc.identifier.sourceurlhttp://scholar.lib.vt.edu/theses/available/etd-09092009-040225/en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/44722en
dc.publisherVirginia Techen
dc.relation.haspartLD5655.V855_1973.W48.pdfen
dc.relation.isformatofOCLC# 20665316en
dc.rightsIn Copyrighten
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/en
dc.subject.lccLD5655.V855 1973.W48en
dc.subject.lcshReaction timeen
dc.titleA study of the sequential effects of prediction outcome on choice reaction timeen
dc.typeThesisen
dc.type.dcmitypeTexten
thesis.degree.disciplinePsychologyen
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen
thesis.degree.levelmastersen
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Scienceen
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